Ph.D. students often read a lot of papers, and papers might of different categories. For example, I am a Ph.D. student with research area in security focusing on moving target defense, the papers I read can be divided into different defense strategy
- dynamic platforms
- dynamic execution environment
One way to organized the paper is to use Goolge Scholar.
Maintaining papers with Google Scholar
Step 1: search the paper using google scholar, and click the “save” item, then the paper will be saved to your library.
Step 2: add labels to the paper. Click on the paper in your library, and select the label.
- “online-access” to it all the time.
- You can sort the papers by year.
- You can track who cite the papers and their citation number!
I am interning in a tech company this summer. My mentor is a very smart, humorous, and happy guy. He got his Ph.D. degree from C, one of my dream school.
I am inspired by his opinion towards technology and the meaning of pursuing Ph.D. degree.
Today, I saw a discussion in Huaren forum [Link
Guys there were discussing about whether the self-discipline is determined by congenital factor (先天）or by nurture (后天). It is very interesting and also surprising that many people said they have very good discipline before they enter the Ph.D. program! But when they enter the Ph.D. program, they suffer a lot and become to have procrastination (拖延症).
The reasons that they tend to have procrastination after entering the Ph.D. program are
Outside the Ph.D. program, everything has a very clear goal and if you work toward goal, you can see you make progress step by step. But things are different in Ph.D. program, you need to find a topic by yourself, and it is not easy to envision the outcome.
Someone said in the forum that the motivation of self-discipline is “I am good at something, if I keep working on this, I will be much better than anyone else”.
If you have no positive feedback, it is easy for you to give up.
People around you are very excellent, and you found no matter what you do, you cannot catch up with them. As a consequence, you feel upset.
My comment: Win-win will be better. Learn excellent qualities from others! I don’t think this is good reason for upset to come from.
Therefore, in order to be a productive Ph.D. student, there are some actions we can take
Do something you are good at. For example, I am working on algorithm but I am not good at making proof. Therefore, a better way for me is to find some application for algorithms and do some simulation.
Find short goal for yourself. Divided the big goals into small pieces and complete each one step by step.
Someone said self-discipline is like muscle. If you not keep training, the muscle will atrophied （萎缩）. Lol
Thinking in a different way. Many successes is due to the cumulative acquisition of knowledge.
If you are hurt by the Ph.D. life and would like to strike a way out to get a different life, here are some suggestions
“Four indispensable qualities”
3. discipline and productivity
“Nice to have but not essential”
4. ability to tech/ communicate with an audience
5. ability to communicate with peers
Here are the 13 things mentally strong college students don’t do:
Waste Time Feeling Sorry for Themselves
Many of life’s problems and sorrows are inevitable, but feeling sorry for yourself is a choice. Whether you’re drowning in student loan debt, or you’re struggling to pass Advanced Calculus, indulging in self-pity won’t fix your problems. If you’re prone to feeling sorry for yourself when the going gets rough, train your brain to exchange self-pity with gratitude. Mentally strong people don’t waste their time and energy thinking about the problem, instead they focus on creating a solution.
Give Away Their Power
It can be tempting to blame other people for when we face problems and experience uncomfortable emotions. Thinking things like, “My professor makesme feel bad about myself,” however, gives others power over you. Take back your power by accepting full responsibility for how you think, feel, and behave. Empowering yourself is an essential component to building mental strength and creating the kind of life you want to live.
Shy Away From Change
Although we feel safest when we stay within our comfort zones, avoiding new challenges serves as the biggest obstacle to living a full and rich life. Acknowledge when you’re avoiding change simply because you want to escape the discomfort associated with doing something new. Commit to facing those emotions head-on. The more you practice tolerating uncomfortable emotions, the more confident you’ll become in your ability to tolerate the distress that may be necessary to reach your full potential.
Waste Energy on Things They Can’t Control
So often, we worry about all the wrong things. Rather than focus on preparing for the storm, we waste energy wishing the storm wouldn’t come. If we invested that same energy into the things we do have control over, we’d be much better prepared for whatever life throws our way. Pay attention to the times when you’re tempted to worry about something you can’t control — like your roommate’s GPA or how the job market is going to look when you graduate — and devote that energy into something more productive.
Worry About Pleasing Others
Although a lot of people say, “I don’t care what other people think,” that’s often a defense mechanism meant to shield them from the hurt and pain associated with rejection. The truth is, most of us want to be liked and we want those around us to be happy. But choosing a major based on what your parents want you to do, or accepting an internship that a professor wants you to take, can interfere with your ability to create your own path in life. Doing things that won’t be met with favor takes courage, but living a truly authentic life requires you to live according to your values, even when your choices aren’t popular.
Fear Taking Calculated Risks
We make dozens – if not hundreds – of choices every day with very little consideration of the risks we’re taking. And in college, calculating those risks fall on your shoulders for the first time. It’s up to you decide everything from what you’re going to do on Friday night to what career path you’re going to take. Often we base those choices on emotion, rather than the true level of risk. Making decisions based on your level of fear isn’t an accurate way to calculate risk because emotions are often irrational and unreliable. You don’t get to be extraordinary without taking risks, but it’s important to learn how to accurately calculate those risks so you can make choices with confidence.
Dwell on the Past
While reflecting on the past and learning from it is a helpful part of building mental strength, ruminating can be harmful. Whether you were bullied in junior high, or still can’t believe you didn’t pass that class last semester, dwelling on it will only hold you back. Although moving forward can be hard – especially if you’ve endured your share of misfortune – it’s a necessary step to becoming your best self.
Make the Same Mistakes Over and Over
It’d be nice to learn enough from each mistake that we’d be guaranteed to never repeat that same mistake twice. But, how many times have you said, “I’ll never do that again,” only to find yourself right back at it a few days later. Learning from our mistakes requires humility and a willingness to look for new strategies to become better. Mentally strong people don’t hide their mistakes or make excuses for them. Instead they turn their mistakes into opportunities for self-growth.
Resent Other People’s Success
No matter where you go to college, you’re bound to be surrounded by people who are prettier, smarter, wealthier, and more successful. Focusing on all the things other people have however, will interfere with your ability to reach your goals. When you’re secure in your own definition of success, you’ll stop resenting other people for obtaining their goals and you’ll be committed to reaching your dreams.
Give Up After Failure
It’s normal to feel embarrassed, discouraged, and downright defeated when your first attempts don’t work. From a young age, we’re often taught that failure is bad, but it’s nearly impossible to succeed if you never fail. Mentally strong people view failure as proof that they’re pushing themselves to the limits in their efforts to reach their full potential.
Fear Alone Time
In today’s fast paced world, obtaining a little quiet time often takes a concerted effort. Many people avoid silence and solitude because the lack of activity feels uncomfortable. But taking time for yourself is an essential component to building mental strength. It’s essential to create opportunities to be alone with your thoughts so you can reflect on your progress and consider your goals for the future.
Feel the World Owes Them Anything
It’s easy to get caught up in feeling a sense of entitlement. But waiting for the world — or the people in it — to give you what you think we’re owed isn’t a helpful life strategy. If you’re busy trying to take what you think you deserve, you won’t have any time to focus on all that you have to give. And everyone has gifts that can be shared, regardless of whether they’ve gotten a “fair deal” in life.
Expect Immediate Results
We often grow so accustomed to our “no lines, no waiting” world, that our brains begin to believe that everything should happen instantaneously. But self-growth develops at more of a snail’s pace, rather than at lightning speed. Whether you’re trying to lose weight or you want to improve your self-confidence, slow and steady wins the race and expecting immediate results will only lead to disappointment. Mentally strong people know that true change takes time and they’re willing to work hard to see results.
The good news is, everyone has the ability to build mental strength. But to do so, you need to develop self-awareness about the self-destructive thoughts, behaviors, and feelings that prevent you from reaching your full potential. Once you recognize areas that need work, commit to mental strength exercises that will help you create healthier habits and build mental muscle.